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Author Guidelines

All the authors are requested to follow the following instructions in preparation of research article for publication in Indian Research Journal of Extension Education

  • All the authors must be the Life members of “Society of Extension Education, Agra”. Without membership the research paper will not be entertained. Student’s life membership will remain valid for three years.
  • Research investigations made must focus on relevant and important issues/ projects/ programme impacting rural or farm sector.
  • Research based studies conducted with appropriate empirical tests will only be considered.
  • Research conducted during last five years will only find place in the journal.
  • Accuracy, Brevity and Clarity are essential in form i.e.–style, punctuation, and spellings, use of italics, numerical data and calculations etc.
  • Each table should have a heading stating its number and contents clearly and concisely.
  • Only original research papers will be accepted for publication in the journal. Same paper should not be published elsewhere (attached certificate).

    The full length paper should have the following headings.
Papers should be subdivided into sections. There should be a Title including addresses & e-mails of the authors, Abstract with key words, Introduction, Objectives, Methodology, Results & Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgements if any and only cited references. The detailed information is as follows:
The title of the paper/article must reflect the contents described in the text of that article/paper. It should be short, specific and informative including latin names in italics.
The name(s) of author(s) along with designation should be clearly typed in title case letters. Give the Email ID and mobile no. of the corresponding author.
This matter will come below the name(s) of author(s). Name of the Department, followed by the name of the Institution/Organization, where the work reported in the paper was carried out shall come below the name(s) of author(s).
The paragraph should start with word Abstract (in capital bold font). The abstract should comprise brief and factual summary or salient point of the contents and the conclusions of the investigation reported in the paper and should refer to any new information therein. As the abstract is an independent entity. It should be able to convey the message of the paper in a concise manner. The abstract, as concise as possible, should not exceed 250 words in length. Everything that is important in the paper must be reflected in the abstract. It should provide to the reader very briefly the rationale, objectives or hypothesis, methodology, results and conclusions of the study described in the paper. Do not include reference, figure or table citation. It must be remembered that the abstracting journals place a great emphasis on the abstract in the selection of paper for abstracting.
“Key words” indicate the most important materials, operations, or ideas covered in the paper. The abstract should be followed by key words restricted to four to six reflecting the focus area of the research paper.
This section is meant to introduce the subject of the paper. Introduction must include: (a) a brief statement of the problem, justifying the need for doing the work or the hypothesis on which the work is based, (b) the finding of others that will be further developed or challenged, and (c) an explanation of the approach to be followed and the objectives of the research described in the paper. Flow of information should be maintained to enhance the readability.
This part of the text should include relevant details on the nature of study, experimental design, the techniques employed, sampling and the statistical methods with citation of reference. The locale of the study respondents used in the research/study should be identified clearly. Specify the period during which the study was conducted. Any new technique developed and followed should be described in fare detail. References for the method used in the study should be cited. Enough details should be provided in this section to allow a competent scientist to repeat the study /experiments, or in actuality.
This section should discuss the salient points of the study and critical interpretation there of in past tense. This should not be descriptive and mere recital of the data presented in the tables. Unnecessary details must be avoided but at the same time significant findings and special features should be highlighted. For systematic discussion, this section may be divided into sub-sections. Relate the results; give particular attention to the problem, question or hypothesis presented in the introduction. Explain the principles, relationships, and generalization that can be supported by the result. Point out any exceptions. Explain how the result relates to previous findings, support, contradict or simply add as data. Use the discussion section to focus on the meaning of the findings rather than recapitulating them. The discussion should clearly indicate the interpretation of the results obtained, inference drawn by the researchers and its implications for the others in similar areas. When results differ from previous results, possible explanation should be given. Controversial issues should be discussed clearly. References to published work should be cited in the text by name(s) of author(s) as follows: Sharma and Yadav (2005) have reported or shown or It has been reported (Sharma and Yadav, 2005)…..If there are more than two authors, this should be indicated by et al. after the surname of the first author, e.g., Chauhan et al. (1999).
Always conclude the paper by clearly crystallization of the results obtained along with their implications in solution of practical problems or contribution to the advancement of the scientific knowledge.
The author(s) may place on record the help, and cooperation, or financial help from any source, person or organization. This should be very brief, and omitted, if not necessary.
REFERENCES The list of references must include all published work referred to in the text. Do not cite anonymous as author; instead cite the name of the institute, publisher, or editor. References should be arranged alphabetically according to the surnames of the individual authors or first authors. Two more references by the same author are to cited chronologically; two or more in the same year by the letters a, b, c, etc. All individually authored paper/ articles precede those in which the individual is the first or joint author. Every reference cited in the paper/article should be included in the list of References. This needs rigorous checking of each reference. Names of authors should not be capitalized. The reference citation should follow the order: author(s), year of publication, title of the paper, name of the periodical, volume and its number; and page number. The list of references should be typed as follows:
Author(s). Book title. Location: Publishing company, year, pp.
W.K. Chen. Linear Networks and Systems. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1993, pp. 123-35.
Book Chapters
Author(s). “Chapter title” in Book title, edition, volume. Editors name, Ed. Publishing location: Publishing company, year, pp.
J.E. Bourne. “Synthetic structure of industrial plastics,” in Plastics, 2nd ed., vol. 3. J. Peters, Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1964, pp.15-67.
Author(s) (Year). “Article title”. Journal title, vol. (issue) : pp,.
G. Pevere. “Infrared Nation.” The International Journal of Infrared Design, 33 (3): 56-99.
Paper presented in seminars/ conference or published in proceedings
Author(s) (year). “Article title.” Conference proceedings,venue, date, pp.
D.B. Payne and H.G. Gunhold (1986). “Digital sundials and broadband technology,” in Proc. IOOC-ECOC, at London from December 14-18, 1986 , pp. 557-998.

Author. (year). Book title. (edition). [Type of medium]. Vol. (issue). Available: site/path/file [date accessed].
S. Calmer. (1999). Engineering and Art. (2nd edition). [On-line]. 27(3). Available: [May 21, 2003].
Author. (year). “Article title.” Journal title. [Type of medium]. Vol. (issue), pages. Available: site/path/file [date accessed].
A. Paul. (1987, Oct.). “Electrical properties of flying machines.” Flying Machines. [On-line]. 38(1), pp. 778-998. Available: www.flyingmachjourn/properties/ [Dec. 1, 2003].
World Wide Web
Author(s)*. “Title.” Internet: complete URL, date updated* [date accessed].
M. Duncan. “Engineering Concepts on Ice. Internet:, Oct. 25, 2000 [Nov. 29, 2003].
Dissertations and Theses
Author (year). “Title” Degree level, University, location,.
S. Mack (2000). “Desperate Optimism.” M.A. thesis (published/unpublished), University of Calgary, Canada.
  • The views expressed in the paper will solely be of the authors and in no way Society and its office bearers will be responsible for any kind of resemblance or indifference.
  • The current status of Manuscript will be available on the website of the Society; authors are requested to see the status of their Manuscript on the


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

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