In the changing rural scenario, the Community Based Organisation (CBO) is emerging as the key player in rural poverty alleviation and ensuring food security through transformation. In India more than 70 percent of the population dwells in villages. According to the 2011 census there are about 6,38,596 villages constituting more than 100 crores population. Even after 70 years of independence, the people in villages are found to be economically backward, socially oppressed, culturally suppressed and in general deprived of facilities like health, education, transportation and communication. Consequently they are prone to poverty, illiteracy, ignorance and other exploitations. So, to work with the people at the rural areas for unleashing the essence of developmental services requires the existence and strengthening of Community Based Organisation (CBO). A community based organization is an organization that provides social services at the local level. It is a non-profit organisation whose activities are based primarily on voluntary efforts. Community based organizations are answer to the capabilities of communities to respond to various risks and adapt to changing conditions. Firstly, strong organizations at the local level help communities to coordinate actions and take joint decisions. Well organized communities are always in a better position to manage their natural resources in a sustainable manner, and take action in response to external shocks, including those related with poverty. In addition, a community based organization is a foundation that enables local communities to voice and enforce their interests to influence the decision making process at higher level and to make the policy makers accountable. Through strong community based organization, communities are more successful in seeking support for adaptation in the form of financial flows, information and capacity building etc.
Community Based Organizations (CBOs) are not for profit; organizations at local and national level facilitating community efforts for community development. CBOs works through people-centred modes of development ensuring availability of micro-finance, quality participation in development leading to improved community health, education and infrastructures over time. The purpose of CBOs is to plan, implement, and monitor social and economic development programs and provide technical and financial help to the communities. CBOs positively affects the process of rural change i.e. increase in income, improvement in health, nutrition and literacy status of the populations through programs on micro-enterprise, health and education, sustainable agriculture, animal husbandry, safe water and sanitation etc.
In such a resilient situation, the CBOs can play a pivotal role as extension service provider related to food, health and education of the rural people for sustainable rural development.
Themes of the Congress
Theme 1: Emerging experiences on CBOs’ intervention
Theme 2: Recent Trends in CBO led Agriculture and Resource Management
Theme-3: CBO led Bio-diversity and Resource Conservation, Livelihood and Food Security
Theme-4: Advances in Social Management in Agriculture and Allied Sciences through CBOs
Theme- 5: CBO intervention for Capacity Building to Address Diverse Resource Management Issues
The SEEA is regularly publishing its journal "Indian Research Journal of Extension Education(IRJEE)" and organizing "National Extension Education Congress (NEEC)" in different parts of Country for professional growth of its members and addressing issue pertaining to extension education.
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