6th NEEC - 2011


6th NEEC - 2011

6th NEEC-2011

Recommendations of 6th NEEC-2011

The 6th National Extension Education Congress - 2011 on Emerging Models of Technology Application for Agri-rural Development was organized by the Society of Extension Education, Agra, jointly with ICAR Research Complex, Goa from December 17 – 19, 2011. The theme of the Congress as “Emerging Models of Technology Application for Agri-rural Development” is extremely timely in view of the rapidly changing scenario of agriculture in the country and in the light of globalization and liberalization of agricultural economy.
The important sub-themes of the Congress are (i) Climate Change: Ground Realities, (ii) Emerging Extension Models: Experiences, (iii) ICT Enabled Models of Technology Dissemination, (iv) Gender Perspective in Agri-rural Development and v) Agricultural Policies and Support System. Besides the lead presentations by the eminent speakers, there were more than 700 papers received from the delegates across the country including various international organizations.
The congress was inaugurated by Dr. M. Mahadevappa, Former Chairman, Agricultural Scientist Recruitment Board (ASRB) and Dr. K. D. Kokate, Deputy Director General (Agricultural Extension), Indian Council of Agricultural Research was the Guest of Honour. The inaugural function was chaired by Hon'ble Member of Parliament, North, Goa Shri Shripad Yesso Naik. The technical programme was divided into five sub themes and a lead paper session. The lead papers were presented by eminent scientists like Dr. K. D. Kokate, DDG (AE); Dr. C. Prasad, Former DDG (AE); Dr. V. Veerbhadraiah, Former Director Extension, UAS; Dr. A. K. Singh, Zonal Project Director, ICAR, Kanpur; Dr. N.P. Singh, Director ICAR Research Complex, Goa and Dr. R. P. S. Ratan, Director Extension, BAU, Ranchi. The Chief Guest of valedictory session of the congress was Dr. S. N. Puri, Vice Chancellor, Central Agricultural University, Imphal and the Guest of Honour was Dr. V. V. Sadamate, Senior Advisor (Agriculture), Planning Commission. The valedictory session was chaired by Dr. R. P. Singh, former Vice Chancellor, MPUA&T, Udaipur and President, Society of Extension Education (SEE), Agra.

The recommendations of the Congress that emerged out are as follows:

  • Changing Market information and agro-meteorological advisory are very critical factor for the farmers in increasing production and enhancing income. Input use efficiency, abrupt climate change, availability of quality seed and low seed replacement are the major challenges to be addressed. Yield gap analysis and developing strategies are needed to bridge yield gaps.
  • Models especially for the farmers who have small holdings need to be developed, tested and provided for extrapolation and up-scaling.
  • Farm innovators and their innovations need to be documented. Recognition and support to such farm innovators should be taken up in XIIth plan. National Farmers Capacity Development Mission being proposed to test and certify the farmers’ competencies as farm advisors (Krishi Bandhu), must be utilized to take up the programme in identifying and capacity building of farm advisor farmers.
  • ICT initiative in the form of vKVK (virtual Krishi Vigyan Kendra) and KVK net (Krishi Vigyan Knowledge Network) in collaboration with IIT, Kanpur and Zonal Project Directorate, ICAR, Kanpur under NAIP has been tested and found to be effective in technology information dissemination and farm problem solving. The feasibility of taking it up as an important tool in XIIth plan may be taken up for reaching with timely voice messages to the farmers located in remote places.
  • Expert system on different crops and commodities should be developed and put on the common platform for wider use by the stakeholders. Capacity building of the stakeholders is also to be taken up to facilitate the access of the expert systems.
  • The NGOs play an increasingly important role in agricultural extension. The reach of public extension institutions is limited especially due to inadequate human resource and facilities. Through collaboration, both public sector and NGOs can work towards more responsive development models.
  • Extension functionaries are needed to be specialized in different areas of extension education science. Emphasis may be given on improving/bringing positive changes in the value system of the society.
  • Effective technology development and dissemination models should be developed ensuring involvement of all the stakeholders at all the stages starting from problem identification, planning, technology generation processes, assessment, refinement, dissemination, monitoring, evaluation and feedback.
  • The project on Farmer FIRST being developed by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, need to be implemented in XIIth Plan with focus on farmers, farm innovations, feedback, multi stakeholders participation, farmers-scientist interface, etc.
  • Participatory technology development and transfer should be an integral part of technology application for agri-rural development. Effective research-extension-farmers linkage mechanisms are to be established that would ensure efficient farm level technology dissemination. A shift in extension approach from technology delivery to learning and innovation is the key for future extension strategies.
  • The entrepreneurial skill development in farm women should be initiated as national programme for livelihood security. Strategies should be developed and linkage should be established with institutions which provide economic and training support for entrepreneurship development involving farm and non-farm sectors. Programmes and suitable policies may be developed to ensure greater decision making role in women’s access and control over land, financial resources, technology and market to achieve sustainable economic growth.
  • Special package for establishing Agri-Clinic and Agri Business Centres is required in the north eastern region to develop entrepreneurship among small and marginal farmers and landless labourers. Self-confidence, scientific orientation, knowledge about improved practices, economic motivation, decision making ability and risk orientation attributes are the key factors for establishment of any enterprise development. For this well designed training programmes should be organised.
  • Independent institutional mechanism for working capital, convergence of government schemes with producer companies and process documentation need attention.
  • Policy guidelines are needed to regulate the number of Bt cotton hybrids released from different companies, to protect the public cotton varieties and hybrids and to regulate the seed related issues and to popularize adaptable resistance management strategies. Increased policy attention and support to allied sectors like livestock, fishery, horticulture, etc. is necessary.
  • Suitable measures should be adopted for common property resource management, use of farm machinery, development of seed and fodder banks, etc through cooperative societies.
  • ICTs should be used for creating awareness among the farming community on emerging issues like climate change and cutting edge technologies. A synergy is required among the climate change specialists, media, planners, trainers and people at grassroots level to develop meaningful strategy for effective communication of adaptation options.
  • Innovative agronomic practices like raised bed planting, micro irrigation, fertigation, mulching etc. are possible adaptation measures for climate change effect in crops and vegetables. Mass demonstration of such technologies by development departments must be encouraged. Policies should support research and development on appropriate technologies to help farmers adapt the climate change effect and promote farm level adaptation measures.
  • Crop insurance scheme as a mitigation strategy for climate change, is under utilised. Unawareness about such schemes and procedural obstacles in claim reimbursement need to be addressed.
  • An strategy to identify and document the practices, technologies and innovations at ground level being used by the farmers for mitigation of stresses, may help in collection of various options and development of such options as capsules of recommendations for different farm environments.
  • Extension education needs to lay emphasis on action research and developing processes and models for technology dissemination.
  • There should be determined efforts to develop quality teachers and researchers in the subject of extension education in particular and other subjects in general. A clear cut agenda needs to be drawn for XIIth Plan.
  • The KVKs with large number of experts belonging to different disciplines, need to be provided a platform for induction training and inservice training looking into their job requirements.
  • Extension Education research needs strengthening and provided a platform like All India Coordinated Research Projects which will help in sensitizing and providing an opportunity for sharing the findings and flagging it at national level.
  • An Indian Extension Education Institute (IEEI) may be established by ICAR to coordinate extension education related teaching, research and field oriented programmes in the country.

    Dr. Jitendra Chauhan

    Gen. Secretary, SEE, Agra


Advisory Panel | Society of Extension Eucation, Agra