By 2050, the agricultural food production will need to enhance 60% to meet the increased demand, and most of this will anticipate to come from increased productivity to feed the gigantic population of the world amongst which expected 2.4 billion people in developing countries, concentrated in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. Raising agricultural productivity and incomes in small holder production sector is crucial for reducing poverty and achieving food security, as a key driver of economic transformation and growth.

Climate change is already hampering agricultural growth. According to IPCC, climate change affects crop production in several regions of the world, with negative effects more common than positive, and developing countries are highly vulnerable to further negative impacts. Increases in the frequency and intensity of extreme events such as drought, heavy rainfall, flooding and high maximum temperatures are already occurring and expected to accelerate in many regions. Average and seasonal maximum temperatures are projected to continue rising, with higher average rainfall overall. These effects will not, however, be evenly distributed. Water scarcity and drought in already dry regions are also likely to increase by the end of century.

Increased Climate variability exacerbates production risks and challenges farmers’ risk coping ability. Climate change is estimated to influence yields by changing crop phonology, change cropping systems, pest & disease life cycles, fish life and livestock. Climate change poses threat to food access for both rural and urban population by reducing agricultural production and incomes, increasing risks and disrupting markets. Poor producers, the landless and marginalized ethnic groups are particularly vulnerable.

To sustainably increase the productivity, enhance resilience to climate stresses, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions, there are options to adapt climate smart agricultural technologies, practices and services. Similarly, rainwater harvesting, use of improved seeds, ICT based agro-advisories and crop/livestock insurances can also help farmers to reduce the impact of climate change and variability. A meta-analysis of crop simulation under several climate scenarios found that farm level adaptations can increase crop yields by an average of 7-15% when compared to without adaptation.

The climate smart agriculture in terms of Water smart, Energy smart, Nutrient smart, Carbon smart, Weather smart and Knowledge smart technologies is paving its way towards sustainability.

The aim of the 9th National Extension Education Congress (NEEC) is to bring into focus the plausible neo-extension perspectives and horizons in Climate Smart Agricultural Technologies, Practices and Services: to identify opportunities and the best ways to diffuse the CSA technologies, practices and services focusing on the development of resilient food production systems that lead to food and income security under progressive climate change and variability.

Themes and sub-themes

  • Climate Smart farming and food and nutritional security- challenges and strategies
  • Neo-extension horizon and researches towards climate smart agriculture
  • Innovations in Climate Smart farming to address biotic and abiotic stress
  • Postharvest processing and value Chain development - successful cases
  • Role of Indigenous Technical Knowledge (ITK) in climate smart farming
  • Sensor based farm mechanization technologies
  • Empowering gender through nutri-sensitive interventions
  • Engagement of youth in climate smart agricultural services
  • Secondary agricultural enterprises for climate smart agriculture
  • Innovative ICT interventions in promoting climate smart agriculture
  • Role of renewable energy technologies in climate smart farming
  • Livestock based farming system
  • Soil and water conservation interventions for climate smart agriculture
  • Impact studies on climate resilient agriculture assessment

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