The College of Agriculture, Pune is one of the first five agricultural Colleges established in India 1907.
In 1969, the College was transferred to the Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri established in that year. The B.Sc. (Hort) and PG programme was started in the year 1984 and 1985 respectively.
The Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri is a university established on March 29, 1968. It became functional in October 1969. Thirty three kilometers to the south is Ahmednagar city and fifty kilometers to the north is Shirdi. Newasa, land of saint Dnyaneshwar is 33 km from Rahuri. Ahmednagar is a historical place and was a capital of the Nizam rulers. It is famous for co-operative sugar and dairy industries. The annual average maximum and minimum temperature ranges between 30 and 40 °C and 10 to 20 °C. respectively.